News>Team accelerates test, delivers B-1B close-air support capability
Positioned in the aft cockpit of a B-1B bomber, Capt. Tara Jackson, 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron B-1B operational test weapons systems officer, focuses on a target using the Laptop Controlled Targeting Pod Phase II upgrade during a test, Dec. 7, 2011. Testing for the upgrade merged both operational and developmental resources to deliver needed capability to the warfighter. (U.S. Air Force photo/Jet Fabara)
A pod positioned under the fuselage of a B-1B bomber was part of the focus of a test conducted Nov. 15, 2011, by the 419th Flight Test Squadron and Global Power Bomber Combined Test Force and the 337th Test and Evaluation Squadron, Dyess AFB, Texas. The test completed the Laptop Controlled Targeting Pod Phase II upgrade to the B-1. The upgrade gives the aircraft new capabilities including a reduced timeline to find and strike moving targets in close-air support of ground troops. (U.S Air Force photo/Kate Blais)
1/12/2012 - EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- B-1B bombers can find and strike moving targets in close-air support of ground troops even quicker than before thanks to a developmental test team from Edwards partnering with an operational test team from Texas to accelerate testing and deliver a mission-critical capability to the warfighter.
Merging developmental and operational testing to consolidate resources on a compressed timeline, the 419th Flight Test Squadron and Global Power Bomber Combined Test Force and the 337th Test and Evaluation Squadron from Dyess AFB, Texas, worked to ensure that the B-1 upgrade was ready for combat operations by January 2012.
The 419 FLTS and 337 TES conducted a series of tests that culminated Nov. 15, 2011, completing Laptop Controlled Targeting Pod Phase II.
"During Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, it became clear that the B-1 needed an additional capability to support close-air support scenarios," said Christina Ryskey, project lead engineer and B-1 targeting pod engineer, 419 FLTS and Bomber Combined Test Force.
That capability came in the form of Laptop Targeting Pod Phase I.
"The first phase integrated a targeting pod, but still required the weapons system operator to manually enter any coordinates derived from the targeting pod," said Maj. David Marten, B-1 flight commander and project pilot, 419 FLTS. "This only allowed the pod to be useful on stationary targets."
Although Phase I allowed the B-1 to interface with the targeting pod, it proved to be a limited capability, as there was no hand-off of information from the pod back to the airplane. Although coordinates were derived from the pod, manually entering the data increased time and decreased the B-1's ability to strike a moving target.
Solution: LCTP Phase II.
"Now with the second phase, we not only have the ability to complete the loop of the targeting pod, but also include the ability to drop laser targeted bombs from the B-1," said Lt. Col. Hans Miller, 419 FLTS commander and Bomber Combined Test Force director. "So not only can I track and identify the targets on the ground, I can strike ground targets moving at low and high speeds. That is a crucial capability that we have with this upgrade."
A completed communication loop between the plane and the targeting pod, which allows for direct importation of coordinates, shortens the kill chain, which is a significant increase to capability in the field, said Marten.
"Guys on the ground calling for air support will get their bombs faster and with more precision," he said.
"If we're told that there's a target in the vicinity, via ground troops, I can visually acquire with the pod, get exact location, directly import that information into the weapon system and attack it," said Maj. Michael Jungquist, 419 FLTS, project weapons system officer. "The targeting pod tells the weapon exactly where to go and can refine the target with lasers in the pod. I'll be able to put weapons on a target, even if it wasn't where it was when I first started looking at it."
LCTP Phase II's self-lasing capability allows the B-1 to track targets, constantly update its coordinates and employ GBU-54 Laser Joint Direct Attack Munition.
"With Phase II, the B-1 gets as much precision as any close-air support player, but now combined with global reach, large payload and long loiter time provided by a strategic bomber," said Marten.
In addition to favorable test results and upgraded capabilities, the planning and execution of the testing were important pieces to the puzzle because the time between test commencement to operational delivery was only 8 months.
"Another huge success of the November test was that it was a great example of integrated operational and developmental test," said Miller. "We worked on a compressed timeline and despite some issues that were found in a test, and corrections that were presented and fixed, we were able to still meet that fielding recommendation and deployment timeline so that this can get to the fight and be useable for combat crews going out next deployment."
Checking into the fight this January is a B-1 with more capabilities to support the joint service effort.
"We had a timeline to meet in order to better support troops on the ground," said Jungquist, "and we're making that happen."