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Team from Air Force Research Lab finds a way to use packaged snow as explosion protection

A gauge stand measures the effect of an explosion during the snow mitigation test on March 18, 2021, at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The foil pieces are used to measure the blast caused by the explosion. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Danielle Sukhlall)

A gauge stand measures the effect of an explosion during the snow mitigation test on March 18, 2021, at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The foil pieces are used to measure the blast caused by the explosion. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Danielle Sukhlall)

U.S. Air Force Airmen from the 354th Civil Engineer Squadron Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) flight, the Iceman Spark Innovation team, Air Force Reach Laboratory innovation team, and other partners set off an explosion for the EOD snow mitigation test on March 18, 2021, at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The experiment tested the use of snow to mitigate the damaging effects of explosions in an arctic environment. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Danielle Sukhlall)

U.S. Air Force Airmen from the 354th Civil Engineer Squadron Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) flight, the Iceman Spark Innovation team, Air Force Reach Laboratory innovation team, and other partners set off an explosion for the EOD snow mitigation test on March 18, 2021, at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The experiment tested the use of snow to mitigate the damaging effects of explosions in an arctic environment. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Danielle Sukhlall)

U.S. Air Force Airmen from the 354th Civil Engineer Squadron Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Flight prepare bags for the snow mitigation experiment on March 18, 2021, at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The experiment tested the use of snow to help mitigate explosive effects. Because of Alaska’s arctic environment, the usual method of using water to reduce blast wave peak pressures is often impractical. Therefore, Icemen Spark and EOD sought to use a more readily available material: snow. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Danielle Sukhlall)

U.S. Air Force Airmen from the 354th Civil Engineer Squadron Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Flight prepare bags for the snow mitigation experiment on March 18, 2021, at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The experiment tested the use of snow to help mitigate explosive effects. Because of Alaska’s arctic environment, the usual method of using water to reduce blast wave peak pressures is often impractical. Therefore, Icemen Spark and EOD sought to use a more readily available material: snow. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Danielle Sukhlall)

WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio (AFRL) – Sometimes nature offers more than just beauty, and in this case, it provided a natural solution for a protective barrier for individuals conducting live ordnance training in the Alaska cold.

A team from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base’s Junior Force Warfighter Operations in the AFRL Materials and Manufacturing Directorate (designated “JFWORX”) led a collaborative, live-fire test with explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) personnel from the 354th Civil Engineer Squadron at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. Because the extreme cold of Alaskan winters often makes standard ordnance disposal procedures inadequate if not impossible, JFWORX was asked to formally evaluate the use of a readily available resource — snow — as a protective barrier between live ordnance and people or property, or both.
 
It began when AFWERX received a request for technical support from Eielson’s Iceman Spark team.  Iceman Spark is a grassroots organization comprised of Airmen at Eielson Air Force Base who provide innovative solutions in support of the 354th Fighter Wing.
 
AFWERX directed the Iceman Spark team to JFWORX at Wright-Patterson. With subject matter expertise support from across RX, JFWORX members traveled to Eielson to spearhead the four-day test studying the blast mitigation properties of snow.
 
On a short three-month timeline, JFWORX developed and procured a no-cost blast pressure detection system, designed a functional snow barrier, and delivered a report on the test findings. The report details the success of the test and the promising performance of snow as a tool for reducing the damaging effects of an explosion.
 
“This test was a big success for JFWORX,” said 1st Lt. Tyler Despard, who designed the test. “Not only did we support EOD warfighters today, but also future strategy by developing a new tool for Arctic operations.”
 
This effort will be reviewed and adapted by the Joint Ordnance Technology Division at the Air Force Civil Engineer Center, who closely monitored this test, for inclusion in its operational publications.
 
This test contributes directly to ongoing efforts to posture the force for arctic operations, in accordance with the Department of the Air Force Arctic Strategy, by using the Air Force Research Laboratory’s science and technology enterprise. As part of this project, JFWORX connected with arctic experts at the University of Alaska Fairbanks to engage academic professionals for the benefit of explosive ordnance disposal operations.
 
As a result of the success of this initial collaboration, JFWORX and Iceman Spark have developed an ongoing partnership, thanks to the initial connection facilitated by AFWERX, and are now working together on several additional projects. This includes providing subject matter expert support to the Eielson perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl (PFAS/PFOS) contamination cleanup effort. These substances — found in fire-fighting foam — are hazardous to both physical health and the environment. According to the EPA, PFAS/PFOS contaminants do not break down quickly and have been accumulating in the environment since the 1940s.
 
“With our continued efforts and collaboration, we will be able to better our junior force scientists, engineers, and program managers through solving real Air Force problems with the operational community,” said 1st Lt. Alex Compean.
 
About AFRL

The Air Force Research Laboratory is the primary scientific research and development center for the Air Force and the Space Force. AFRL plays an integral role in leading the discovery, development and integration of affordable warfighting technologies for our air, space and cyberspace force. With a workforce of more than 11,000 across nine technology areas and 40 other operations across the globe, AFRL provides a diverse portfolio of science and technology ranging from fundamental to advanced research and technology development. For more information, visit: www.afresearchlab.com.