Juneteenth: Celebrating freedom and commemorating Black history Published June 13, 2023 By Senior Airman Jaliil Smith, Team Hill Special Observance Council HILL AIR FORCE BASE – Juneteenth, also known as Emancipation Day, is celebrated annually on June 19 to commemorate the emancipation of enslaved African Americans in the United States. The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, declared freedom for enslaved people in Confederate states. However, it took over two years for the news to reach enslaved African Americans in Galveston, Texas. On June 19, 1865, Union General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston and announced the end of slavery, effectively emancipating the remaining enslaved individuals in Texas. This momentous event became known as Juneteenth, a combination of "June" and "nineteenth." Juneteenth has become an occasion to honor ancestors, recognize their sacrifices, and celebrate the achievements and contributions of Black Americans to the nation. The holiday is marked by various activities such as parades, picnics, musical performances, historical reenactments, and educational events, fostering a sense of community, unity, and pride. It offers an opportunity to educate and raise awareness about the history of slavery, the struggles endured by African Americans, and the ongoing fight against systemic racism. Juneteenth empowers individuals to engage in conversations, advocate for equality, and work towards creating a more just society. Over the years, Juneteenth has gained increasing recognition and support at both the local and national levels. Numerous states have officially recognized Juneteenth as a state holiday or observance, dedicating resources to public events and educational initiatives. In 2021, Juneteenth was officially declared a federal holiday in the United States, further solidifying its significance and the importance of acknowledging the legacy of slavery. Juneteenth is an occasion to honor the past, address present challenges, and strive for a more inclusive and equitable future. It stands as a momentous celebration of freedom, resilience, and the indomitable spirit of the African American community. As we commemorate Juneteenth, let us embrace the opportunity to learn and empathize by recognizing the significance of this historical event and engaging in meaningful conversations.